Padova (modern-day Padua, Italy) lies some 35 kilometres west of Venice and after a turbulent history came under Venetian control in 1405. After a brief reversal of fortunes the Venetians defended the city successfully in 1509 against forces lead by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I. Considerable damage was done to the 14th century Carraresi walls which were rebuilt over the next four decades to complete a circuit around 11 kilometres long. Some of the work was undertaken under the direction of the engineer Michele Sanmicheli.
The relief viewing the city from the west clearly shows the medieval core of the city with its 13th century walls largely intact. A rectangular enclosure at the bottom right corner of the medieval city represents the castle and the massive Palazzo del Ragione stands out towards the centre. Other interesting structures shown outside the medieval walls include the circular botanic garden founded in 1545.
The area outside the town wall is divided up into a patchwork of fields by a series of incised lines marking out the dividing drainage ditches.The walls which are on the whole in good condition and easily accessible are a mixture of small bastions with flanks set out perpendicular to the curtain and large low circular bastions. The town still has an impressive series of contemporary gates.